Micah is identified as a contemporary of other 8th Century BC prophets, Amos, Hosea and Isaiah. What is unique is that Micah is sent to both Samaria and Jerusalem, the capital cities of the two kingdoms. Micah’s message can be summed up in a single phrase: God can be counted on to care. When the people have fallen into corruption or pride, God’s care is shown in punishment; when they are in despair or being overrun by enemies, God’s care is shown in encouragement and restoration. Micah denounces the money-grubbing exploitation of the helpless, dishonesty in business, and sham religion. He also sees a glorious future where Bethlehem is the birthplace of a greater David who will rule over all God’s people.
Micah can be outlined as follows:
· Micah 1:1-3:12 The rulers of Israel and Judah denounced
· Micah 4:1-5:15 A contrite people is restored in the Lord’s favor
· Micah 6:1-16 God accuses a wayward people
· Micah 7:1-20 Penance and expectation of fulfillment
Key learning: What does God require? God requires us to do justice, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with our God. (Micah 6:8)